Male infertility can be caused by various factors that affect the production, maturation, and delivery of sperm. Some common causes of male infertility include:
Low sperm count (Oligospermia): A low sperm count is a common cause of male infertility. This condition can result from various factors such as hormonal imbalances, infections, or structural issues in the reproductive system.
Poor sperm motility (Asthenospermia): Sperm motility refers to the ability of sperm to swim and move effectively. If sperm have poor motility, they may struggle to reach and fertilize an egg.
Abnormal sperm morphology (Teratospermia): Sperm morphology refers to the size and shape of sperm. Abnormalities in sperm morphology can affect their ability to penetrate and fertilize an egg.
Hormonal imbalances: Hormones play a crucial role in sperm production. Conditions such as hypogonadism (low testosterone levels) or other hormonal imbalances can impact sperm production.
Varicocele: A varicocele is a swelling of the veins that drain the testicle. It can lead to decreased sperm quality and is a common and treatable cause of male infertility.
Infections: Infections of the reproductive tract, such as sexually transmitted infections (STIs) or urinary tract infections, can affect sperm production and function.
Genetic factors: Genetic abnormalities, such as chromosomal defects or mutations, can contribute to male infertility. Conditions like Klinefelter syndrome and Y chromosome microdeletions are examples of genetic factors that may impact fertility
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